by Hank Leukart
April 20, 2009

Revealing Area 51’s secrets

Hiking up Tikaboo Peak and witnessing a UFO near a mysterious military base.

Hikers Suzanne, Wendy, and Rich look toward Area 51 from nearby Tikaboo Peak.

Hikers Suzanne, Wendy, and Rich look toward Area 51 from nearby Tikaboo Peak.

This is the second of two essays about my trip to Area 51, a mysterious military base in rural Nevada. Start with the first essay about my journey to the base's boundary for the whole story.


ACHEL, Nevada — On the first day of our trip to Area 51, we had come close to seeing the base, but not close enough. The buildings comprising the mysterious military installation sit in Groom Lake, a dry lakebed obscured from view by mountains on all sides. Almost 15 years ago, it was possible to hike up one of two mountains, Freedom Ridge or White Sides, to see Area 51 from only 12 miles away, but in 1995, the military seized the peaks to prevent people from photographing the base. Nevertheless, we had read that a mountain 26 miles from the base, Tikaboo Peak, was still accessible. Knowing that climbing Tikaboo would be our only chance to see Area 51’s secrets, we started a 25-mile drive on yet another dirt road into the desert. The directions to the peak made us a little nervous, reminding us that a 25-mile hike back to the paved highway awaited us if our car broke down. They noted, “It is advisable to bring a sleeping bag… Drivers may have to get out and repair [the dirt road] to continue further. (Bring a shovel.)”

As we drove, we read about the recent declassification of the A-12 OXCART, a Mach-3 aircraft designed by the U.S. military to avoid detection by Soviet radar. The OXCART flew 2,850 test flights out of Area 51 in the 1960s and had a wide, disk-like fuselage designed to carry huge amounts of fuel, which helps explain many of the Nevada UFO sightings during that time. But since the OXCART test flights ended by 1968 and UFOs are still seen frequently in the area, suspicion about current projects at Area 51 remains.

We arrived in our car at the bottom of the peak without even needing a shovel, and though the hike was steeper than we expected, we tackled it after a couple hours. At the top, we found a protective wall made of rocks surrounding a mattress of fresh pine branches with a tripod and a “Luau Party” sign. We assumed that someone had spent the night on the peak before we arrived drinking Mai Tais while looking for signs of new military aircraft.

Through my camera’s telephoto lens, each of us took turns looking into the abyss of Groom Lake. Finally, the secrets of Area 51 had been revealed, but again, we were disappointed. We saw a collection of plain, white buildings — no secret weapons, no space ships, and no aliens. After taking a final look at the installation, we climbed wearily back down to our car.

At night, we decided to take one more shot at seeing a UFO. We left the Little A’le’inn and drove once more toward the Black Mailbox. Every couple miles, I slammed on the brakes to avoid rabbits which kept leaping across the road, and we began to wonder whether Area 51’s secrets included a sinister rabbit breeding project.

“Every couple miles, I slammed on the brakes to avoid rabbits which kept leaping across the road, and we began to wonder whether Area 51’s secrets included a sinister rabbit breeding project.”

When we reached the mailbox, we parked our car under the dark, desert sky and waited, and waited, and waited. Since no alien spacecrafts appeared to be approaching imminently, we pulled out a laptop and, huddled in our car near the Extraterrestrial Highway, we watched “Dreamland,” a two-part “X-Files” episode series about Area 51. As we watched Mulder and Scully investigate strange occurrences at the military base, we sat waiting and hoping to see a flying saucer. During the two hours we staked out the Black Mailbox, we spotted some peculiar red and white blinking lights far off in the direction of the military base, but we suspected they were nothing more than the headlights of security vehicles and lights on Area 51 surveillance equipment.

Disappointed, we began driving again on the dirt road toward the base in the dark, hoping to improve our view, with “The X-Files” soundtrack playing on the car’s stereo. When we reached a position that Wendy deemed “close enough,” we continued to sit and wait. Our skin prickled with desperate expectation.

“WHAT IS THAT?!” Wendy exclaimed, as she gazed out the left-side passenger windows toward a distant mountain range. Suzanne and I looked over and saw a blinding, white sliver of light behind one of the peak’s ridges. As we watched, the sliver of light became larger as it started moving over the ridge.

A genuine unidentified flying object soared toward us over a mountain as we sat in the middle of the desert, an hour’s drive to civilization in every direction.

“GIVE ME THE TELEPHOTO LENS RIGHT NOW!” I yelled as I shifted the car into gear. Panicked, I hit the car’s accelerator in an attempt to get a better view. The engine revved but, for some reason, the car wouldn’t move.

“Where is it?” Rich asked.


“No, where is the telephoto lens?!” Rich yelled.

Chaos ensued as we stared in disbelief at the strange craft rising over the mountain peak and moving toward us.

“Maybe it’s just a tent,” Wendy offered, knowing full well that the spaceship appeared ten times bigger and 100 times brighter than a camping tent would if one were on the ridge.

Finally, Rich handed me the camera lens just as the sliver of light started to take shape. The sliver became a crescent. The crescent became a half-circle. The half-circle became a full moon.

We sat quietly as feelings of embarrassment began to wash over us. Only 30 seconds before, we would have been willing to swear in a Congressional hearing that an alien spaceship had flown toward us in the Nevada desert. But we realized we had been duped by an atmosphere created by our UFO Podcasts, the expert storytelling of “The X-Files,” and the well known optical illusion of an enormous moon rising quickly just above the horizon. As I wondered how many alleged UFO sightings are simply sightings of a rising moon, I looked down and saw that I had mistakenly positioned the car’s transmission in neutral.

Under a bright, full moon in the otherwise empty desert sky, we sat in silence. We glanced at the moon over the ridge. We glanced at it again, and then again.

Agent Fox Mulder would have been proud.

We wanted to believe. WB

Buildings comprising the Area 51 military installation can be seen clearly with a telephoto lens from nearby Tikaboo Peak.

Buildings comprising the Area 51 military installation can be seen clearly with a telephoto lens from nearby Tikaboo Peak.

The famous Black Mailbox (now white) sits adjacent to a dirt road leading to the boundary of Area 51.

The famous Black Mailbox (now white) sits adjacent to a dirt road leading to the boundary of Area 51.

A bright white light appears behind a mountain ridge in a blurry photo taken near Area 51.

A bright white light appears behind a mountain ridge in a blurry photo taken near Area 51.

How to Visit Area 51

  • Make reservations at a Las Vegas hotel to take a day trip to Area 51, or even better, make reservations at the Little A’le’inn and stay overnight in the desert.
  • Starting from Las Vegas (the closest airport to Area 51), drive north on I-15, then north on US-93. When you hit the Extraterrestrial Highway (NV-375), drive west.
  • On the way, you may want stop at the Alien Research Center, near the Extraterrestrial Highway junction. It has a 30-foot aluminum alien outside, so you can’t miss it. It’s run by self-professed Area 51 expert Glenn Campbell, but it’s not open all the time — call first if you have your heart set on entering the gift shop.
  • Soon after mile marker 29 on NV-375, you’ll see the Black Mailbox (now white) on the left. Turn left on this dirt road and drive for four miles until you hit a fork near a water tank. Follow the middle path for a mile, then turn right on another dirt road leading deep into the desert. You’ll be at the Area 51 boundary in 8 miles. Don’t cross it.
  • You can also visit the Area 51 North Gate by finding the dirt road 1.5 miles southeast of Rachel and following it west for 10 miles. For more directions and photographs, visit The Dreamland Resort, an exceptionally detailed Area 51 web site.
  • The only legal way to see the buildings comprising Area 51 is to hike to the top of Tikaboo Peak with binoculars or a telescope. The trailhead is accessed by a 25-mile dirt road found driving north on US-93 soon after milepost 32 on the left side. SummitPost has especially good directions. This is a steep hike on a desert peak, so be sure to bring plenty of water.
  • View my route and download the Without Baggage Tikaboo Peak GPS track in GPX format.
  • When you grow tired of driving around the desert, you can stop for food or a night’s rest at the Little A’le’inn in Rachel, Nevada, about 20 miles northwest of the Black Mailbox.

Tikaboo Peak Hike GPS track (download GPX or KML)


  • July 28, 2012, 8:20 AM


    were planning a trip up there.i am very intristed about it,i have been doing a lot of research on it and im ready.i am buying all of my equipment.

  • May 16, 2013, 4:28 PM


    A-12 Oxcart does not have a wide disc like shape. It is actually the project which eventually became the SR-71 Blackbird.

  • February 3, 2014, 9:53 AM


    Also consider the west side, route 95. Worth keeping your eyes pealed if you come back that way from Death Valley. We saw a U2 heading towards Area 51 and a drone in October, 2013.

  • June 28, 2015, 2:50 PM


    1) I am pretty sure Glenn Campbell has nothing to do with that "Alien Research Center". Campbell had a "Area 51 Research Center" in Rachel years ago. 2) The mailbox is now gone. Too bad, it was a famous spot on the ET Highway.

  • May 26, 2017, 9:57 AM


    That was a great story. Very captivating. I took the pilgrimage to Area 51 when I visited Las Vegas in 2005 with my friends. Still one of the funnest excursions I have ever taken on a vacation. We didn't do the hike up Tikaboo Peak, that would have been cool. We did see a huge caravan of military vehicles pulling into the gas station in Alamo, heading from the direction of the base. Several heavily armed military guys were sternly guarding a camoflauged container that one of the trucks was pulling. What was in the container? Idk. Probably something mundane, but for me to this very day, I often fantasize that it was something exotic. A mystery like the breifcase in Pulp Fiction.

  • November 28, 2017, 12:03 PM


    I feel like they should turn area 51 into a amusement park!

  • April 4, 2018, 8:05 AM

    Shahane Taylor

    A great book for anyone interested is Skunk Works by Ben Rich and Leo Janos. Ben Rich took over running the Skunk Works after Kelly Johnson retired. It tells how they needed a place to test the famous U2 spy plane back in the 50’s and Area51 as it is now known was called Paradise Ranch by Johnson. It doesn’t talk about Area 51 much but it talked volumes about the U2, A-12 ( SR71) and how President Johnson actually screwed the name up. It originally was to be called the RS71. It tells of the development of stealth (F117) all which were tested at “ the secret base” as Rich called it. Great book and highly recommended for anyone who is interested in aviation. I actually have a friend that I flew with at USAirways that flew the SR71 near the end of the Vietnam War. He said it was truly an incredible airplane! The last flight was on March 6, 1990 while being delivered to the Smithsonian. It set a new speed record from Palmdale CA to Washington Dulles in 1 hour and 4 minutes and 21 seconds with Col Ed Yeilding pilot and Lt Col. Joe Vida RSO. There was a continual sonic boom all the way across the country as it flew and broke several city pair speed records as it traversed the country. If you only want Area 51 stuff a good one on the history of the base is by Annie Jacobsen called Area 51 an uncensored history of America’s top secret military base. Keep in mind that there are some things that we aren’t going to know no matter how many books are written